Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Wood Charcoal Fuel Resilience in Kampala Capital City; Charcoal in the Water Energy and Food Urban Nexus

Version 1 : Received: 27 June 2019 / Approved: 28 June 2019 / Online: 28 June 2019 (12:40:09 CEST)

How to cite: Bamwesigye, D.; Doli, A. Wood Charcoal Fuel Resilience in Kampala Capital City; Charcoal in the Water Energy and Food Urban Nexus. Preprints 2019, 2019060300 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0300.v1). Bamwesigye, D.; Doli, A. Wood Charcoal Fuel Resilience in Kampala Capital City; Charcoal in the Water Energy and Food Urban Nexus. Preprints 2019, 2019060300 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0300.v1).

Abstract

Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. Over the years the population growth in the city has more than doubled, and this has increased the demand for energy. However, electricity and gas are not only limited in supply but are also expensive for the majority of the households hence the use of charcoal remains the main source of energy. There is little known about the energy situation in big cities of Africa, and Kampala is not an exception. Therefore, we examine the urban nexus amidst energy poverty, vulnerability, and resilience with a focus on; the role of charcoal in the urban Nexus in Kampala Uganda. Literature review and content analysis of scientific materials such as journal articles and reports were done. Charcoal fuel in Kampala and surrounding urban areas does not only facilitate cooking meals and boing water for over 95% of households but also a source of livelihood for many women in the nexus. This process impacts not only on energy use but also the entire water, energy, and food system in the urban nexus. Even though charcoal fuel doubles as a source of household income, it is greatly responsible for most deforestation. Furthermore, charcoal production also accounts for prolonged droughts hence impacting on water and food supply in the nation. Therefore, we propose subsidizing alternatives such as gas and electricity to reduce the complete reliance on charcoal.

Subject Areas

charcoal fuel; deforestation; electricity; livelihood; resilience; vulnerability

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