Preprint Article Version 3 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The QBIT Theory of Consciousness

Version 1 : Received: 26 May 2019 / Approved: 29 May 2019 / Online: 29 May 2019 (11:53:48 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 21 June 2019 / Approved: 21 June 2019 / Online: 21 June 2019 (11:22:39 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 21 July 2019 / Approved: 23 July 2019 / Online: 23 July 2019 (10:32:33 CEST)
Version 4 : Received: 23 August 2019 / Approved: 15 October 2019 / Online: 15 October 2019 (08:14:14 CEST)
Version 5 : Received: 9 October 2019 / Approved: 14 October 2019 / Online: 14 October 2019 (09:53:26 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Beshkar M. (2020) The QBIT theory of consciousness. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, DOI: 10.1007/s12124-020-09528-1 Beshkar M. (2020) The QBIT theory of consciousness. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, DOI: 10.1007/s12124-020-09528-1

Journal reference: Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science 2020
DOI: 10.1007/s12124-020-09528-1


The QBIT theory is an attempt toward solving the problem of consciousness based on empirical evidence provided by various scientific disciplines including Quantum mechanics, Biology, Information theory, and Thermodynamics. This theory formulates the problem of consciousness in the following four questions: (1) What is the nature of qualia? (2) How are qualia generated? (3) Why are qualia subjective? (4) Why does a quale have a particular quality or meaning?In sum, the QBIT theory proposes that (1) when certainty of an observer about an event exceeds a certain level, the observer becomes conscious of that event; (2) consciousness requires Maxwell demon-assisted quantum computation; (3) a quale is a dense pack of meaningful quantum information encoded in maximally entangled pure states; (4) a quale is generated when robustness of an internal representation exceeds a certain threshold; (5) the quality or meaning of a quale is determined by a process of information compression via the matching and unification of patterns; and (6) subjectivity of consciousness is due to the fact that maximally entangled pure states are private and unshareable.


Coherence; Compression; Computation; Consciousness; Entanglement; Information; Qualia; Quantum; Representation

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 23 July 2019
Commenter: Majid Beshkar
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: This is a more comprehensive version of the QBIT theory of consciousness.
+ Respond to this comment

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 1
Metrics 0

Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.

We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.