Tian, Q.; Wang, G.; Yuan, X.; Wang, Q.; Sridhar, S. Complex Precipitates of TiN-MCx in GCr15 Bearing Steel. Metals2019, 9, 641.
Tian, Q.; Wang, G.; Yuan, X.; Wang, Q.; Sridhar, S. Complex Precipitates of TiN-MCx in GCr15 Bearing Steel. Metals 2019, 9, 641.
Nitride and carbide are the second phases which play an important role in the performance of bearing steel, and their precipitation behavior is complicated. In this study, TiN-MCx precipitations in GCr15 bearing steels were obtained by non-aqueous electrolysis, and their precipitation mechanisms were studied. TiN is the effective heterogeneous nucleation site for Fe7C3 and Fe3C, therefore, MCx can precipitate on the surface of TiN easily, its chemistry component consists of M3C and M7C3 (M = Fe, Cr, Mn) and Cr3C2. TiN-MCx with high TiN volume fraction, TiN forms in early stage of solidification, and MCx precipitates on TiN surface after TiN engulfed by the solidification advancing front. TiN-MCx with low TiN volume fraction, TiN and MCx form in late stage of solidification, TiN can not grow sufficiently and is covered by a large number of precipitated MCx particles.
non-aqueous electrolysis; TiN-MCx; precipitation; bearings; high carbon chromium bearing steel
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