Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Detection and Treatment Methods for Perfluorinated Compounds in Wastewater Treatment Plants

Version 1 : Received: 8 May 2019 / Approved: 9 May 2019 / Online: 9 May 2019 (13:00:57 CEST)

How to cite: Lee, S.; Cho, Y.; Lee, B. Detection and Treatment Methods for Perfluorinated Compounds in Wastewater Treatment Plants. Preprints 2019, 2019050114 Lee, S.; Cho, Y.; Lee, B. Detection and Treatment Methods for Perfluorinated Compounds in Wastewater Treatment Plants. Preprints 2019, 2019050114

Abstract

This study surveyed the variation in Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs) concentration entering urban wastewater treatment plants and proposed an optimal PFCS treatment method. The PFCS concentration in influent was shown to be affected by the types of industries and operating rate. The concentration of PFCs in the wastewater treatment effluent was slightly lower than that of influent. Thus, PFCs were considered to have barely been removed by the existing biological treatments. The pilot test result showed that about 10% of PFCs were removed by coagulation and precipitation, and the ozone and chlorine test also showed that few PFCs were removed regardless of the amount of injection. The activated carbon adsorption test showed that the removal was significantly increased by the empty bed contact time, with about a 60% removal in five minutes and over a 90% removal in 15 minutes. Therefore it is determined that a more stable and higher PFCs removal would result from the continuous oxidation processes such as ozone and adsorption processes such as activated carbon rather than a single biological treatment. 

Subject Areas

perfluorinated compounds; coagulation; ozone; chlorination; activated carbon

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