Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Irreversibility as Thermodynamic Time

Version 1 : Received: 7 May 2019 / Approved: 8 May 2019 / Online: 8 May 2019 (11:21:50 CEST)

How to cite: Hwang, C.C. Irreversibility as Thermodynamic Time. Preprints 2019, 2019050094. Hwang, C.C. Irreversibility as Thermodynamic Time. Preprints 2019, 2019050094.


In Newtonian mechanics, time as well as space are perceived as absolute entities. In 2 Einstein’s special relativity, time is frame dependent. Time is also affected by gravitational field 3 and as the field varies in space, time also varies throughout space. In the present article, a 4 thermodynamic-based time is investigated. The entity is called "irreversibility", which is generated 5 when availability (also known as exergy) is destroyed. Since each thermodynamic system may 6 generate different amount of irreversibility, this quantity is system dependent. The time’s arrow is 7 automatically satisfied, since irreversibility generation always proceeds in one direction (toward 8 future). We have demonstrated that, like common time, irreversibility is frame dependent, and 9 affected by gravity in the similar manner as the common time. For this reason, we propose to 10 assign the entity irreversibility of the system as thermodynamic time. A possible application of the 11 thermodynamic time is an interpretation and managing of the aging of biological systems. The 12 metabolic efficiency is related to the irreversibility of the chemical processes and affect the aging of 13 the system. Our sensation of time-flow may be attributed to the flow of availability and destruction 14 of it through the living system. It is shown by other authors that entropy generation (equivalent to 15 irreversibility) is a parameter for the human life span. Since the thermodynamic time is based on a 16 concept of thermodynamics that is universal, further applications to other subjects, such as biological 17 clock, telomere, and cosmology are possible.


time; availability; irreversibility; time dilation; biological clock; metabolic efficiency;telomere; mitochondria


Physical Sciences, Thermodynamics

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