Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Using Multiple Index Comprehensive Method to Assess Urban Rainstorm Disasters Risk in Jiangsu Province, China

Version 1 : Received: 15 April 2019 / Approved: 16 April 2019 / Online: 16 April 2019 (12:19:34 CEST)

How to cite: Chen, J.; Chen, M.; Zhou, P. Using Multiple Index Comprehensive Method to Assess Urban Rainstorm Disasters Risk in Jiangsu Province, China. Preprints 2019, 2019040186 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0186.v1). Chen, J.; Chen, M.; Zhou, P. Using Multiple Index Comprehensive Method to Assess Urban Rainstorm Disasters Risk in Jiangsu Province, China. Preprints 2019, 2019040186 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0186.v1).

Abstract

A new model for risk assessment of urban rainstorm disasters, based on information diffusion method and variable fuzzy sets (IDM-VFS) was proposed. In addition, an integrated index system of urban rainstorm risk was established. In the proposed model, IDM was employed to calculate the classification standards of urban rainstorm risk levels, then the VFS was adopted to assess the dangerousness, sensitivity, vulnerability and comprehensive risk of urban rainstorm disasters. In the present study, the urban rainstorm risk of Jiangsu province was evaluated with the proposed model. The results show that Wuxi, Changzhou, Nanjing and Suzhou have higher dangerousness, due to sustained rainfall and strong rainfall intensity in short duration; Wuxi, Changzhou and Nanjing have higher sensitivity because of lower disaster resistance ability; and Wuxi and Suzhou have higher vulnerability because these cities have higher potential losses in face of urban rainstorm disasters. The comprehensive risk zoning map of urban rainstorm shows apparent regional characteristics: the northwestern cities have lower risk than the southern cities. Moreover, most cities of the Jiangsu province are of the moderate urban rainstorm risk level. The results are consistent with the actual situation of Jiangsu province, and the study can provide some decision-making references for the urban rainstorm management.

Subject Areas

urban rainstorm disasters; risk assessment; information diffusion method (IDM); variable fuzzy sets (VFS); Jiangsu province

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