Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Influence of Circle of Willis Configuration on the Rupture of Cerebral Aneurysms

Version 1 : Received: 11 April 2019 / Approved: 13 April 2019 / Online: 13 April 2019 (05:08:57 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Stojanović, N.N.; Kostić, A.; Mitić, R.; Berilažić, L.; Radisavljević, M. Association between Circle of Willis Configuration and Rupture of Cerebral Aneurysms. Medicina 2019, 55, 338. Stojanović, N.N.; Kostić, A.; Mitić, R.; Berilažić, L.; Radisavljević, M. Association between Circle of Willis Configuration and Rupture of Cerebral Aneurysms. Medicina 2019, 55, 338.

Journal reference: Medicina 2019, 55, 338
DOI: 10.3390/medicina55070338

Abstract

Background: Formation and rupture of cerebral aneurysms may be related to certain types of configuration of the circle of Willis. Analysis of their interdependence can be of great importance. Methods: A group of 114 patients treated operatively for the cerebral aneurysm rupture and a group of 56 autopsied subjects were involved in the study. Four basic types of the circle of Willis configurations were formed–two symmetric types A and C, and two asymmetric types B and D. Results: A statistically significantly higher presence of asymmetry of the circle of Willis in the group of surgically treated subjects (p=0.006) with a significant presence of asymmetric Type B in this group (p=0.017) were determined. The presence of changes in the A1 segment in the group of subjects with solitary aneurysms on the anterior communicating artery showed a statistically significant presence in the group of autopsied subjects (p=0.0004). Analyzing the presence of symmetry of the circle of Willis between the two groups, that is, the total presence of symmetric types A and C indicated their statistically significant presence in the group of autopsied patients (p=0.043). Conclusion: Changes such as hypoplasia or aplasia of A1 and the resulting asymmetry of the circle of Willis directly affect the possibility of the rupture of cerebral aneurysms. Detection of the corresponding types of the circle of Willis after diagnostic examination can be the basis for the development of a protocol for monitoring such patients.

Subject Areas

cerebral aneurysms; circle of Willis

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