Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Optimization of an Extended Microplate Assay for Generating Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli O157:H7, and Salmonella Biofilms and Enzymatic Recovery for Enumeration

Version 1 : Received: 2 April 2019 / Approved: 4 April 2019 / Online: 4 April 2019 (12:45:18 CEST)

How to cite: Aryal, M.; Pranatharthiharan, P.; Muriana, P.M. Optimization of an Extended Microplate Assay for Generating Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli O157:H7, and Salmonella Biofilms and Enzymatic Recovery for Enumeration. Preprints 2019, 2019040055 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0055.v1). Aryal, M.; Pranatharthiharan, P.; Muriana, P.M. Optimization of an Extended Microplate Assay for Generating Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli O157:H7, and Salmonella Biofilms and Enzymatic Recovery for Enumeration. Preprints 2019, 2019040055 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0055.v1).

Abstract

Biofilms enable the persistence of pathogens in food processing environments. In order to inactivate these microorganisms, sanitizing agents are needed that are effective against pathogens entrapped in biofilms which are more difficult to inactivate than planktonic cells that are displaced and found on equipment surfaces. We examined conditions to develop, analyze, and enumerate robust biofilms of 3 different foodborne pathogens assisted by fluorescence adherence assay and enzymatic detachment. We compared 3 different isomeric forms of fluorescent substrates that are readily taken up by bacterial cells based on carboxy-fluorescein diacetate (5-CFDA, 5,6-CFDA, 5,6-CFDA,SE). Biofilm-forming strains of L. monocytogenes, E.coli O157:H7, and Salmonella serovars were detected using the chosen substrate in a microplate fluorescence assay define previously for use with Listeria. Adherence levels were determined by differences in relative fluorescence units (RFU). Multiple hydrolytic enzymes were examined for each representative pathogen for the most suitable enzyme for detachment and enumeration to confirm data obtained by fluorescence assay. Cultures were grown overnight in microplates, incubated, washed and replenished with fresh sterile growth medium; this cycle was repeated 7 times before used as ‘biofilms’. All treatments were performed in triplicate and compared by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to determine significant differences (p < 0.05). Analysis of 7-day biofilms by SEM indicated possible extracellular polysaccharide involvement with Salmonella and E. coli.

Subject Areas

biofilm; carboxyfluorescein diacetate; Listeria monocytogenes; Salmonella; E. coli O157:H7; microplate assay

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