Neidler, S.; Kruspig, B.; Hewit, K.; Monteverde, T.; Gyuraszova, K.; Braun, A.; Clark, W.; James, D.; Hedley, A.; Nieswandt, B.; Shanks, E.; Dick, C.; Murphy, D.J. Identification of a Clinically Relevant Signature for Early Progression in KRAS-Driven Lung Adenocarcinoma. Cancers2019, 11, 600.
Neidler, S.; Kruspig, B.; Hewit, K.; Monteverde, T.; Gyuraszova, K.; Braun, A.; Clark, W.; James, D.; Hedley, A.; Nieswandt, B.; Shanks, E.; Dick, C.; Murphy, D.J. Identification of a Clinically Relevant Signature for Early Progression in KRAS-Driven Lung Adenocarcinoma. Cancers 2019, 11, 600.
Inducible genetically defined mouse models of cancer uniquely facilitate the investigation of early events in cancer progression, however there are valid concerns about the ability of such models to faithfully recapitulate human disease. We developed an inducible mouse model of progressive lung adenocarcinoma (LuAd) that combines sporadic activation of oncogenic KRasG12D with modest overexpression of c-MYC (KM model). Histological examination revealed a highly reproducible transition from adenoma to locally invasive adenocarcinoma within 6 weeks of oncogene activation. Laser-capture microdissection coupled with RNA-SEQ was employed to determine transcriptional changes associated with tumour progression. Upregulated genes were triaged for relevance to human LuAd using datasets from Oncomine and cBioportal. Selected genes were validated by RNAi screening in human lung cancer cell lines and examined for association with lung cancer patient overall survival using KMplot.com. Depletion of progression-associated genes resulted in pronounced viability and/or cell migration defects in human lung cancer cells. Progression-associated genes moreover exhibited strong associations with overall survival, specifically in human lung adenocarcinoma, but not in squamous cell carcinoma. The KM mouse model faithfully recapitulates key molecular events in human lung cancer and is a useful tool for mechanistic interrogation of LuAd progression.
lung adenocarcinoma; KRAS; MYC; ERBB; mouse models of cancer; RNA-SEQ
LIFE SCIENCES, Molecular Biology
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