Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Study on Rainfall-Runoff Analysis in Ungauged Basins Using Satellite Image Information

Version 1 : Received: 26 March 2019 / Approved: 27 March 2019 / Online: 27 March 2019 (08:44:59 CET)

How to cite: Lee, S.; Kang, D.; Kim, B. A Study on Rainfall-Runoff Analysis in Ungauged Basins Using Satellite Image Information. Preprints 2019, 2019030248 Lee, S.; Kang, D.; Kim, B. A Study on Rainfall-Runoff Analysis in Ungauged Basins Using Satellite Image Information. Preprints 2019, 2019030248

Abstract

This study was designed to assess the reliability of geographic information using satellite image information in ungauged basins. For this, this study constructed geographic information using actual gauged data and satellite information data and conducted runoff analysis through S-RAT, a rainfall–runoff model, and performed the comparison and analysis of geographic information and runoff data. For actual gauged data, the gauged geographic information of the Water Resources Management Information System (WAMIS) was collected, and for satellite information, the image information of moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) observation sensor loaded on Terra Satellite was collected. As analysis areas, three basins where mountains occupy more than 80% and another three basins where urban areas occupy more than 7% in the Han River basin were selected. According to the analysis result, the gauged information and satellite image information showed great difference in runoff, maximum 50% in peak flood and maximum 17% in total flood, in the rivers with many urban areas, while the runoff difference in the rivers with many mountains showed maximum 13% in peak flood and 4% in total flood. What showed the greatest difference in image information was land use, and it turned out that the MODIS satellite recognized the urban rivers as cities for more than maximum 60% compared to WAMIS-gauged data. Meanwhile, in the forest area, the MODIS satellite image showed error of less than 5% of the WAMIS-gauged data, which indicates that it has higher applicability in Mountain Rivers.

Subject Areas

Ungauged Basin, MODIS, Satellite Image, S-RAT

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