Amawi, H.; Hussein, N.; Boddu, S.H.S.; Karthikeyan, C.; Williams, F.E.; Ashby, C.R., Jr.; Raman, D.; Trivedi, P.; Tiwari, A.K. Novel Thienopyrimidine Derivative, RP-010, Induces β-Catenin Fragmentation and Is Efficacious against Prostate Cancer Cells. Cancers2019, 11, 711.
Amawi, H.; Hussein, N.; Boddu, S.H.S.; Karthikeyan, C.; Williams, F.E.; Ashby, C.R., Jr.; Raman, D.; Trivedi, P.; Tiwari, A.K. Novel Thienopyrimidine Derivative, RP-010, Induces β-Catenin Fragmentation and Is Efficacious against Prostate Cancer Cells. Cancers 2019, 11, 711.
Thienopyrimidines are a versatile group of compounds that contain a biologically active pharmacophore and reported to have anticancer efficacy in vitro. Here, we report for the first time, that thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine - based compounds, designated the RP series, have efficacy in prostate cancer cells. The lead compound, RP-010, was efficacious in PC3 and DU-145 prostate cancer (PC) cells (IC50< 1µM). The cytotoxicity of RP-010 was significantly lower in normal cells. RP-010 (0.5, 1, 2, and 4 µM) arrested prostate cancer cells in the G2 phase of the cell cycle, induced mitotic catastrophe and apoptotic signaling in both PC cell lines. Mechanistic studies suggested that RP-010 (1 and 2 µM) inhibits the wingless-type MMTV (Wnt)/β-catenin signaling pathway, mainly by inducing β-catenin fragmentation, while down regulating important proteins in the pathway, i.e. LRP-6, DVL3, and c-Myc. Interestingly, RP-010 (1 and 2 µM) induced the nuclear translocation of the negative feedback proteins, Naked 1 and Naked 2, in the signaling pathway. In addition, RP-010 (0.5, 1, 2, and 4 µM) significantly decreased the migration and invasiveness of PC cells in vitro. Finally, RP-010 did not produce significant toxic effects in zebrafish at concentrations up to 6 µM. In conclusion, RP-10 is a promising anticancer compound in metastatic prostate cancer and did not produce overt toxicity in an in vivo zebrafish model. Future mechanistic and efficacy studies are needed in-vivo to optimize the lead compound RP-010 for clinical use.
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