Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Measuring Fabric Sensory Attributes: Theory and Practice

Version 1 : Received: 14 February 2019 / Approved: 18 February 2019 / Online: 18 February 2019 (16:51:30 CET)

How to cite: Pan, N. Measuring Fabric Sensory Attributes: Theory and Practice. Preprints 2019, 2019020164. Pan, N. Measuring Fabric Sensory Attributes: Theory and Practice. Preprints 2019, 2019020164.


Two major sample configurations are adopted in all the instruments for fabric hand measurement, flat sample as in KES and FAST types machines, and wrinkled sample as in PhabrOmeter. This paper compares the two sample types to examine which one if any offers a better coverage and reflection of the fabric sensory attributes. Fabrics have unique behaviors of drape, wrinkle and tactile sense which are entirely due to the simultaneous occurrence of both in-plane membrane deformation and out-of-plane bending deformation in multiple curvature. Such singular deformation mode cannot be detected by any machines using flat sample, whereas during a PhabrOmeter test, the fabric sample genuinely produces drape, wrinkle in addition to other related deformations. This paper then introduced the theoretical research pertaining to the measurement. Then a split sample experiment is conducted to demonstrate the importance of the internal connections in fabric during drape and wrinkle processes. As such fabric interconnection will be barely disclosed during tests using flat samples, another important advantage of PhabrOmeter is hence clearly shown.


Fabric sensory attributes; Fabric mechanical properties; scheme of measurement; KES vs. PhabrOmeter


Engineering, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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