Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of A-PRF Application on Palatal Wound Healing after Free Gingival Graft Harvesting: A Prospective Randomized Study

Version 1 : Received: 12 February 2019 / Approved: 14 February 2019 / Online: 14 February 2019 (10:29:29 CET)

How to cite: Sousa, F..; Machado, V..; Botelho, J.; Proença, L..; João Mendes, J..; Alves, R.. Effect of A-PRF Application on Palatal Wound Healing after Free Gingival Graft Harvesting: A Prospective Randomized Study. Preprints 2019, 2019020131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0131.v1). Sousa, F..; Machado, V..; Botelho, J.; Proença, L..; João Mendes, J..; Alves, R.. Effect of A-PRF Application on Palatal Wound Healing after Free Gingival Graft Harvesting: A Prospective Randomized Study. Preprints 2019, 2019020131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0131.v1).

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the healing effect of advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) clot membranes in the reduction of palatal wounds resulting from free gingival graft (FGG) harvesting, in the re-epithelization rate and in the pain experience after surgery. Twenty-five patients requiring soft tissue augmentation (gingival recession coverage or keratinized gingiva augmentation) participated in this prospective randomized clinical study. After FGG harvesting, the test group (n=14) received A-PRF clot membranes at the palatal wound and the control group (n=11) a gelatin sponge. Epithelialization rate of the palatal wound, wound healing area, correspondent percentage of reduction and post-surgical pain experience were assessed. The follow-up period was 90 days. There was a significantly higher reduction of the palatal wound area in the A-PRF group vs. the control group, at 7 (p<0.001), 14 (p=0.009) and 30 days (p<0.001) follow-up. The maximum difference between groups was attained at 30 days (91.5% for A-PRF vs. 59.0% for the control group). At 14 days a significant difference in the proportion of patients showing total epithelization was found: 64.3% for A-PRF vs. 9.1% for the control group (p=0.012). At 90 days, both groups showed total recovery. Overall, the control group experienced a higher level of pain and discomfort until the 14th day, being significantly higher on the second day (p=0.013). The results suggest that A-PRF membranes haste the healing process by promoting a greater reduction along the recovery period and an apparent less painful postoperative period.

Subject Areas

Platelet-rich fibrin, A-PRF, Gingival graft harvesting, Healing, Periodontal plastic surgery

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