Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

One-tube RT-PCR for the Simultaneous Detection and Typing Duck Hepatitis A Virus Subtypes 1 and 3

Version 1 : Received: 21 January 2019 / Approved: 22 January 2019 / Online: 22 January 2019 (11:08:19 CET)

How to cite: Chen, X.; Chen, Y.; Liu, C.; Li, X.; Liu, H.; Bai, X.; Liu, M.; Zhang, Y. One-tube RT-PCR for the Simultaneous Detection and Typing Duck Hepatitis A Virus Subtypes 1 and 3. Preprints 2019, 2019010212 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0212.v1). Chen, X.; Chen, Y.; Liu, C.; Li, X.; Liu, H.; Bai, X.; Liu, M.; Zhang, Y. One-tube RT-PCR for the Simultaneous Detection and Typing Duck Hepatitis A Virus Subtypes 1 and 3. Preprints 2019, 2019010212 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0212.v1).

Abstract

The co-circulation of duck hepatitis A virus subtypes 1 (DHAV-1) and 3 (DHAV-3) in ducklings has resulted in significant economic losses. Because ducklings infected with DHAV-1 or DHAV-3 show similar clinical signs and gross lesions, it is important to discriminate these subtypes as early as possible for better clinical management. On the basis of multiple alignments of the 5′-noncoding region sequences of strains DHAV-1 and DHAV-3, universal and type-specific primers were designed and synthesized. Using the primers in a one-tube reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) assay, reference strains of DHAV-1 and DHAV-3 (isolated over a span of 60 years and covering many different countries) were successfully amplified, indicating that the primer sequences were completely conserved. The amplicon sequences results and the sizes of amplicons from reference DHAV-1 and DHAV-3 isolates correlated completely with their genotypes. Moreover, with this one-tube RT-PCR system, the amplicon sizes of liver samples of reference DHAV-1- or DHAV-3-infected birds matched perfectly with their respective genotypes, as determined by virus isolation and neutralization tests. No other RNA viruses of duck origin were detected with the synthesized primers. The sensitivity of viral RNA detection was 10 pg. With this system, 20% genotype 1, 45% genotype 3, and 9% co-infection of the two genotypes were detected in 55 clinical samples. This novel approach could be used for the rapid genotyping DHAV-1 and/or DHAV-3 infection in routine clinical surveillance or epidemiologic screening.

Subject Areas

DHAV-1; DHAV-3; Phylogenetic analysis; One-tube RT-PCR; Simultaneously

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