Aguilar-Jiménez, J.R.; Nahed-Toral, J.; Parra-Vázquez, M.R.; Guevara-Hernández, F.; Pat-Fernández, L.A. Adaptability of Cattle-Raising to Multiple Stressors in the Dry Tropics of Chiapas, Mexico. Sustainability2019, 11, 1955.
Aguilar-Jiménez, J.R.; Nahed-Toral, J.; Parra-Vázquez, M.R.; Guevara-Hernández, F.; Pat-Fernández, L.A. Adaptability of Cattle-Raising to Multiple Stressors in the Dry Tropics of Chiapas, Mexico. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1955.
Using the sustainable livelihoods analytical framework, adaptability of cattle raising to multiple stressors (e.g. climate change and market conditions) in the dry tropics of Chiapas, Mexico was evaluated. Three case studies located in the Frailesca region of Chiapas were analyzed: (I) peasant cattle raising in a rural village in the Frailesca Valley; (II) peasant cattle raising in a rural village in a natural protected area in the Frailesca Highlands; and (III) holistic cattle raising by farmers with private land ownership in the Frailesca Valley. Adaptability was evaluated using an index on a scale of one to a hundred; average values were: case I = 20.9 ± 1.4; case II = 32.1 ± 1.8; and case III = 63.6 ± 3.5. In order to increase farms adaptability and reduce the vulnerability of cattle raising families, there is a need to modify public policy to take into account the conditions of the most vulnerable farmers (cases I and II). Given the economic, environmental, and social context of Mexico´s dry tropics, establishing ecological or organic cattle raising and silvopastoral systems may reduce the vulnerability of farm families and increase their level of adaptability of their farms to multiple stressors.
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