Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Impacts of Salinity Intrusion in Community Health: A Review of Effectiveness of Adaptation Measures to Decrease Drinking Water Sodium (DWS) from Coastal Areas of Bangladesh

Version 1 : Received: 5 January 2019 / Approved: 8 January 2019 / Online: 8 January 2019 (11:26:40 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Shammi, M.; Rahman, M.M.; Bondad, S.E.; Bodrud-Doza, M. Impacts of Salinity Intrusion in Community Health: A Review of Experiences on Drinking Water Sodium from Coastal Areas of Bangladesh. Healthcare 2019, 7, 50. Shammi, M.; Rahman, M.M.; Bondad, S.E.; Bodrud-Doza, M. Impacts of Salinity Intrusion in Community Health: A Review of Experiences on Drinking Water Sodium from Coastal Areas of Bangladesh. Healthcare 2019, 7, 50.

Journal reference: Healthcare 2019, 7, 50
DOI: 10.3390/healthcare7010050

Abstract

Increasing salt intake has substantial negative impacts on health and well-being. This review article focusses on the effect of salinity intrusion (SI) on the water quality and community health of coastal Bangladesh and to find out the effectiveness of interventions for reducing the negative effects of salinity. Saline water is a noteworthy reason for hypertension or high blood pressure in the coastal areas. Health status of women especially the pregnant women are vulnerable because of drinking water sodium (DWS) prompting to pre-eclampsia, high blood pressure and hypertension as well as infant mortality. Several interventions such as rainwater harvesting and Pond sand filter (PSF) system as well as managed aquifer recharge (MAR) usage and the integration of mixed sources were reviewed on the content of drinking water sodium (DWS). Although rainwater has the positive impact of low or no sodium intake on human health, it still possesses negative impacts from not having vital minerals. Despite what might be expected, in MAR a steady increment in sodium concentration through the span of the dry season was observed. It is, subsequently, important to increase awareness about drinking water sodium (DWS) intake by providing and adopting correct technological interventions.

Subject Areas

salinity; drinking water sodium (DWS), high blood pressure; maternal health; pond sand filter (PSF)

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