Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Moderating Variables of Entrepreneurial Interest among Spanish Youth

Version 1 : Received: 3 January 2019 / Approved: 7 January 2019 / Online: 7 January 2019 (06:45:40 CET)

How to cite: Escolar-Llamazares, M.; Luis-Rico, I.; De la Torre-Cruz, T.; Herrero-Cosio, Á.; Palmero-Cámara, C.; Jiménez-Eguizabal, A. Moderating Variables of Entrepreneurial Interest among Spanish Youth. Preprints 2019, 2019010049 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0049.v1). Escolar-Llamazares, M.; Luis-Rico, I.; De la Torre-Cruz, T.; Herrero-Cosio, Á.; Palmero-Cámara, C.; Jiménez-Eguizabal, A. Moderating Variables of Entrepreneurial Interest among Spanish Youth. Preprints 2019, 2019010049 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0049.v1).

Abstract

Background: Despite the abundant scientific literature on entrepreneurship, there is still only limited information on young students’ entrepreneurial intentions. The reasons may be generally found in the different conceptual approaches to entrepreneurial intention and particularly in the variables that regulate and act as antecedents to such intentions. This bias has generated different lines of investigation into the factors relating to entrepreneurial intention among students: one is centered on the variables that influence entrepreneurial intention, in particular, relational, educational, and psychological variables; and the other is centered on the antecedents of entrepreneurial intention, among which is entrepreneurial interest. Methods: In the present paper, we seek to analyze the relationship between the entrepreneurial interest of Spanish youth and a set of socio-educational, psychological, and health-related variables using principal component analysis. A previously validated ad hoc questionnaire was administered to 1764 students (15–18 years old). Results: Notably, few Spanish youth expressed significantly high entrepreneurial interest; those who did were mostly men with a family tradition of entrepreneurial parents, who held high perceptions of their health and quality of life and considered it important in business to detect opportunities beforehand and to create employment. Conclusions: Their principal motives were to improve their professional development, to put their ideas into practice, and to achieve economic independence. This paper proposes the early detection of entrepreneurial interests in young people in order to reinforce these interests as potential long-term initiatives.

Subject Areas

youth; secondary education; entrepreneurial intention; entrepreneurial interest; psychological variables

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