Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Violation Imperative Part 1: Allegations and Fraud

Version 1 : Received: 1 January 2019 / Approved: 3 January 2019 / Online: 3 January 2019 (14:26:28 CET)

How to cite: Carroll, L.S.L. The Violation Imperative Part 1: Allegations and Fraud. Preprints 2019, 2019010028. Carroll, L.S.L. The Violation Imperative Part 1: Allegations and Fraud. Preprints 2019, 2019010028.


In recent decades, a number of high-profile cases involving fraud as research misconduct have been in the media and resulted in severe consequences for those convicted. According to the increased cases of allegations and coverage in the media, this reflects a heightened awareness that fraudulent actions exist. Nonetheless, the Office of Research Integrity data suggests that despite the growth in the number of the cases of allegation there has not been a commensurate increase in findings of misconduct. The purpose of this paper is to explore misconduct to better understand what it entails. An analysis of misconduct from the perspective of the definitions of allegations and fraud of is conducted and potential frameworks for understanding both are considered. The paper considers serial-positioning effects of primacy and recency on allegation phenomena, as well as supervenience theory and contextualism as a lens for understanding fraud. Discussion of the relational semantics of the core aspects of fraud and de facto grouping of forms of misconduct. It is concluded that the interrogative pronouns of “what” and “when” could be used to categorize forms of misconduct laying the foundation for the next paper that deconstructs the definition of falsification according to the Public Health Service.


Fraud, Allegations, Ethics, Research Misconduct, Philosophy


Social Sciences, Law

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our Diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
* All users must log in before leaving a comment
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0

Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.