Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Violation Imperative Part 1: Allegations and Fraud

Version 1 : Received: 1 January 2019 / Approved: 3 January 2019 / Online: 3 January 2019 (14:26:28 CET)

How to cite: Carroll, L.S.L. The Violation Imperative Part 1: Allegations and Fraud. Preprints 2019, 2019010028 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0028.v1). Carroll, L.S.L. The Violation Imperative Part 1: Allegations and Fraud. Preprints 2019, 2019010028 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0028.v1).

Abstract

In recent decades, a number of high-profile cases involving fraud as research misconduct have been in the media and resulted in severe consequences for those convicted. According to the increased cases of allegations and coverage in the media, this reflects a heightened awareness that fraudulent actions exist.  Nonetheless, the Office of Research Integrity data suggests that despite the growth in the number of the cases of allegation there has not been a commensurate increase in findings of misconduct. The purpose of this paper is to explore misconduct to better understand what it entails. An analysis of misconduct from the perspective of the definitions of allegations and fraud of is conducted and potential frameworks for understanding both are considered. The paper considers serial-positioning effects of primacy and recency on allegation phenomena, as well as supervenience theory and contextualism as a lens for understanding fraud. Discussion of the relational semantics of the core aspects of fraud and de facto grouping of forms of misconduct.  It is concluded that the interrogative pronouns of “what” and “when” could be used to categorize forms of misconduct laying the foundation for the next paper that deconstructs the definition of falsification according to the Public Health Service.

Subject Areas

Fraud, Allegations, Ethics, Research Misconduct, Philosophy

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