Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Plasma Nitriding on Fatigue Behavior of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy

Version 1 : Received: 26 December 2018 / Approved: 28 December 2018 / Online: 28 December 2018 (03:57:18 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

de Castro, M.C.B.; Couto, A.A.; Almeida, G.F.C.; Massi, M.; de Lima, N.B.; da Silva Sobrinho, A.; Castagnet, M.; Xavier, G.L.; Oliveira, R.R. The Effect of Plasma Nitriding on the Fatigue Behavior of the Ti-6Al-4V Alloy. Materials 2019, 12, 520. de Castro, M.C.B.; Couto, A.A.; Almeida, G.F.C.; Massi, M.; de Lima, N.B.; da Silva Sobrinho, A.; Castagnet, M.; Xavier, G.L.; Oliveira, R.R. The Effect of Plasma Nitriding on the Fatigue Behavior of the Ti-6Al-4V Alloy. Materials 2019, 12, 520.

Journal reference: Materials 2019, 12, 520
DOI: 10.3390/ma12030520

Abstract

The Ti-6Al-4V alloy is widely used in the manufacture of components that should have low density, high corrosion resistance, and fatigue strength. The fatigue strength can be improved by surface modification. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of plasma nitriding on the fatigue behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy with a lamellar microstructure (Widmanstätten type). Nitriding was executed at 720 °C for 4 hours in an atmosphere with N2, Ar and H2. Samples microstructure characterization was carried out by X-ray diffraction analysis, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The average roughness of the specimens was determined, and fatigue tests were executed in a bending-rotating machine with reverse tension cycles (R= -1). X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the matrix phases α and β, and the phases Ɛ-Ti2N and δ-TiN in the nitrided alloy. A nitrogen diffusion layer was formed between the substrate and the titanium nitrides. Plasma nitriding resulted in an increase in low cycle fatigue strength, whereas at high cycles, both conditions exhibit similar behavior. The fracture surface of the fatigue tested specimens clearly revealed the lamellar microstructure. The fracture mechanism appears to be due to cracking at the interface of α and β phases of the lamellar microstructure.

Subject Areas

Ti-6Al-4V alloy; plasma nitriding; fatigue

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