Alfonso-Alfonso, M.; Morales-Chacón, L.M.; González-Naranjo, J.E. Subjective Assessment of Sleep in Infantile Autism: A Comparative Study. Behav. Sci.2019, 9, 12.
Alfonso-Alfonso, M.; Morales-Chacón, L.M.; González-Naranjo, J.E. Subjective Assessment of Sleep in Infantile Autism: A Comparative Study. Behav. Sci. 2019, 9, 12.
Sleep disturbances very common in children with autism. That is why it requires instruments that facilitate its evaluation. Goals: Perform the evaluation of sleep from a subjective prospect in a group of children with primary autism and compare to a control group, using the Sleep Habits in Children Survey (CSHQ), In order to determine sleep disturbances, according to the sub-scales results. Method: A prospective cross-sectional study of the sample was carried out. A group with primary Autism n = 21 was selected. For the assessment of the dream we chose (CSHQ). The differences between independent groups were calculated by applying a Mann Whitney U test (p <0.05). Results: The group of children with autism showed the highest values of the total scale (mean = 48.00) wish is congruent with a greate disfuntion of sleep, compared to the control group (mean = 36.47) for p = 0.00. Significant differences were found for all sub scales p = 0.00, with the exception of sub-scale number 7. Conclusions: There is a high presence of sleep disturbances in children with primary autism, which are related to multifactorial causes, with the exception of sleep breathing disorders that did not show statistically significant differences between groups.
Subjective sleep assessment; Autism spectrum disorder; REM sleep; NREM sleep
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