: Received: 13 December 2018 / Approved: 14 December 2018 / Online: 14 December 2018 (10:00:50 CET)
: Received: 14 December 2018 / Approved: 14 December 2018 / Online: 14 December 2018 (11:41:20 CET)
Joubert, J. Synthesis, Crystal Structure, DFT Studies, Docking Studies, and Fluorescent Properties of 2-(Adamantan-1-yl)-2H-isoindole-1-carbonitrile. Crystals2019, 9, 24.
Joubert, J. Synthesis, Crystal Structure, DFT Studies, Docking Studies, and Fluorescent Properties of 2-(Adamantan-1-yl)-2H-isoindole-1-carbonitrile. Crystals 2019, 9, 24.
2-(Adamantan-1-yl)-2H-isoindole-1-carbonitrile (1) has been identified as a neurobiological fluorescent ligand that may be used to develop receptor and enzyme binding affinity assays. Compound 1 was synthesised using an optimised microwave irradiation reaction and crystallised from ethanol. Crystallization occurred in the orthorhombic space group P212121 with unit cell parameters: a = 6.4487(12) Å, b = 13.648(3) Å, c = 16.571(3) Å, V = 1458(5) Å3, Z = 4. Density functional theory (DFT) (B3LYP/6-311++G (d,p)) calculations of 1 were carried out. Results showed that the optimised geometry is similar to the crystal structure parameters with a root-mean-squared deviation of 0.143 Å. Frontier molecular orbital energies and net atomic charges are discussed with a focus on potential biological interactions. Docking experiments within the active site of the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) protein crystal structure were carried out and analysed. Important binding interactions between the DFT optimised structure and amino acids within the nNOS active site were identified that explain the strong NOS binding affinity reported. Fluorescent properties of 1 were studied using aprotic solvents of different polarities. Compound 1 showed the highest fluorescence intensity in polar solvents with excitation and emission values of 336 nm and 380 nm, respectively.
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