Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Monster of Troy Vase Is Not Based on a Fossil Giraffe

Version 1 : Received: 8 November 2018 / Approved: 13 December 2018 / Online: 13 December 2018 (06:47:37 CET)

How to cite: Monge-Najera, J. The Monster of Troy Vase Is Not Based on a Fossil Giraffe. Preprints 2018, 2018120158 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201812.0158.v1). Monge-Najera, J. The Monster of Troy Vase Is Not Based on a Fossil Giraffe. Preprints 2018, 2018120158 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201812.0158.v1).

Abstract

It has been proposed that the Monster of Troy, depicted in a 6th Century BC Corinthian vase, is the earliest artistic record of a vertebrate fossil, possibly a Miocene giraffe (Samotherium sp.). I analyzed the giraffe hypothesis under four approaches: a double-blind random design in which 78 biologists compared the vase skull with Samotherium and several reptiles; an informed survey of 30 students who critically assessed the hypothesis; a computerized image comparison; and a morphological comparison. All of them rejected the giraffe hypothesis. Eye and teeth types unambiguously discard a fossil or living mammal as the model, which more probably was an extant carnivorous reptile.

Subject Areas

monster of troy; archaeology; Corinthian vase; fossil; Samotherium

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