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Association of the CYP17 (T-34C) Polymorphism and the Risk of Acne Vulgaris: A Meta-Analysis
: Received: 10 December 2018 / Approved: 12 December 2018 / Online: 12 December 2018 (05:30:43 CET)
A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.
Journal reference: Dermatology Review 2019, 106, 591-602
Acne vulgaris is one of the most common skin diseases and genetic relationships have been documented. The aim was to evaluate the association of CYP17 (T-34C) polymorphism related to the risk of acne in a meta-analysis study. The databases (Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, and Cochrane Library) were searched until September 2018 to check the relationship between acne risk and CYP17 (T-34C) polymorphism and impact of this polymorphism on severity of acne. We used Review Manager 5.3 software to analyze the data using OR and 95% CI to check this relationship. Four studies were included and analyzed in the meta-analysis. The OR in analysis of C versus T in acne patients compared to the healthy controls was 1.42 (P=0.02), in CC vs. TT was 1.54 (P=0.04), in TC vs. TT was 1.46 (P=0.12), in TC + CC vs. TT was 1.55 (P=0.04), and in CC vs. TT + TC was 1.39 (P=0.06). There was no acne risk related to CYP17 (T-34C) in none of genetic models in Caucasian ethnicity, whereas in Asian ethnicity, there was higher acne risk related to CYP17 (T-34C) without heterogeneity. The results of the present meta-analysis showed the presence of C allele and CC genotype of CYP17 polymorphism can be risk factors for acne, mainly in the Asian ethnicity.
acne; polymorphism; genetics; CYP17; ethnicity
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