Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Recurrent Stimulation of NK Cell Clones with K562 Expressing Membrane-Bound IL-21 Affects Their Phenotype, IFN-γ Production and Lifespan

Version 1 : Received: 30 November 2018 / Approved: 2 December 2018 / Online: 2 December 2018 (10:33:00 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Streltsova, M.A.; Erokhina, S.A.; Kanevskiy, L.M.; Grechikhina, M.V.; Kobyzeva, P.A.; Lee, D.A.; Telford, W.G.; Sapozhnikov, A.M.; Kovalenko, E.I. Recurrent Stimulation of Natural Killer Cell Clones with K562 Expressing Membrane-Bound Interleukin-21 Affects Their Phenotype, Interferon-γ Production, and Lifespan. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 443. Streltsova, M.A.; Erokhina, S.A.; Kanevskiy, L.M.; Grechikhina, M.V.; Kobyzeva, P.A.; Lee, D.A.; Telford, W.G.; Sapozhnikov, A.M.; Kovalenko, E.I. Recurrent Stimulation of Natural Killer Cell Clones with K562 Expressing Membrane-Bound Interleukin-21 Affects Their Phenotype, Interferon-γ Production, and Lifespan. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 443.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 443
DOI: 10.3390/ijms20020443

Abstract

A pattern of NK cell heterogeneity in each individual determines proliferative and functional responses of NK cells to activating stimuli. Obtaining the progeny of a single cell by cloning original population is one of the ways to study the NK cell heterogeneity.  In this work, we used single cell sorting into a plate and stimulation by IL-2 and gene-modified K562 feeder cells expressing membrane-bound IL-21 (K562-mbIL21) that led to generation of phenotypically confirmed and functionally active NK cell clones. We applied two models of clone cultivation, which differently affected their phenotype, lifespan and functional activity. The first model, which included weekly restimulation of clones with K562-mbIL21 and IL-2, resulted in the generation of relatively short-lived (5-7 weeks) clones of highly activated NK cells. HLA-DR expression in the expanded NK cells correlated strongly with IFN-γ production. The second model, in which NK cells were restimulated mainly with IL-2 alone, produced long-lived clones (8-14 weeks) that expanded up to 107 cells with lower ability to produce IFN-γ. Our method is applicable for studying variability in phenotype, proliferative and functional activity of the certain NK cell progeny in response to the stimulation, which may help in selecting NK cells best suited for clinical use.

Subject Areas

NK cell clones; IL-2; K562-mbIL21; membrane-bound IL-21

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