Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Road Safety Education on Road Risky Behaviors of Spanish Children and Adolescents: Findings from a National Study

Version 1 : Received: 22 November 2018 / Approved: 23 November 2018 / Online: 23 November 2018 (09:43:19 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Alonso, F.; Esteban, C.; Useche, S.; Colomer, N. Effect of Road Safety Education on Road Risky Behaviors of Spanish Children and Adolescents: Findings from a National Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2828. Alonso, F.; Esteban, C.; Useche, S.; Colomer, N. Effect of Road Safety Education on Road Risky Behaviors of Spanish Children and Adolescents: Findings from a National Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2828.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2828
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15122828

Abstract

Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of future results for what concerns health and welfare, and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes produced by road misbehaviors continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky behavior of Spanish students. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, a representative sample of 4,062 (51.5 males and 48.5% females) participants attending primary (47.5%), secondary (40.7%) and high school (11.7%) was gathered through a national survey on RSE and road behaviors. Results: A set of significant associations between demographic factors, RSE variables and self-reported road behaviors was found. Furthermore, the SEM modelling allowed us to establish that age, observed misbehaviors, attitudes towards road safety and risk perception keep a direct link with the road risky behavior of children and young people. The knowledge of traffic rules was not a significant predictor of road behavior. Conclusions: The results of this study show that, together with demographic factors such as age, RSE-related variables have an effect on the road behavior of children and young people. They also suggest the need of strengthening actions to be implemented in road safety (Road Safety Education), into scholar and community levels.

Subject Areas

road safety education; RSE; children; adolescents; risky road behaviors; road safety; traffic crashes

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