Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Can Mannose-Binding Lectin Activation Help in Fighting Bacterial Pathogen in Poultry Production Systems?—A Review

Version 1 : Received: 13 November 2018 / Approved: 15 November 2018 / Online: 15 November 2018 (08:37:05 CET)

How to cite: Idowu, P.A.; Mpayipheli, M.; Muchenje, V. Can Mannose-Binding Lectin Activation Help in Fighting Bacterial Pathogen in Poultry Production Systems?—A Review. Preprints 2018, 2018110350 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0350.v1). Idowu, P.A.; Mpayipheli, M.; Muchenje, V. Can Mannose-Binding Lectin Activation Help in Fighting Bacterial Pathogen in Poultry Production Systems?—A Review. Preprints 2018, 2018110350 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0350.v1).

Abstract

Bacterial pathogens have been attributed to poultry housing structure, financial strength, and incessant use of antibiotics, variable seasons and management systems practiced. Variant forms of bacterial pathogens can be detected by recognizing the molecular pattern of the pathogens through an innate immune mechanism such as mannose-binding lectin. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) possesses an innate pattern recognition molecule that easily sequestered to region of infections and inflammations. This works by attaching itself to antigen surface thus hinders proliferation and disease activity in the host organism. Baker’s method, nephelometric assays technique, Enzyme-Linked Immunosurbent Assay technique, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Deoxyribonucleic Acid typing and other biotechnology related methods are techniques used in detecting and quantifying MBL. Mannose-binding lectin levels in serum can be influenced by age, management systems, feed formulation strategies and seasons. Therefore, knowledge of MBL should be encouraged in all aspect of poultry production, in order to discourage incessant use of drugs at a slight exposure to prevailing bacterial which can help in maximizing cost.

Subject Areas

mannose-binding lectin; poultry; production system; pathogens; innate immune response

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