Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Productive and Reproductive Performances of Indigenous Chicken under Different Rearing System

Version 1 : Received: 13 November 2018 / Approved: 14 November 2018 / Online: 14 November 2018 (09:12:57 CET)

How to cite: Idowu, P.; Mpayipheli, M.; Muchenje, V. Productive and Reproductive Performances of Indigenous Chicken under Different Rearing System. Preprints 2018, 2018110327 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0327.v1). Idowu, P.; Mpayipheli, M.; Muchenje, V. Productive and Reproductive Performances of Indigenous Chicken under Different Rearing System. Preprints 2018, 2018110327 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0327.v1).

Abstract

A survey study was conducted to analyze the reproductive and productive performances of four indigenous chicken breeds under different rearing system. Six villages located in Eastern Cape, South Africa were used for the study from July 2017 to June 2018. Data on clutch per year (CPY), hatchability (HATCH), egg per clutch (EGC), survivability at 10-12 weeks (SURV), egg per year (EPY), recovery period (RP), average age at production (AA), duration of rearing (DR), mortality, egg laying length (EGL), natural brooding period (NBP) and natural incubating period (NIP) were obtained from Seven thousand, five hundred and thirty eight (7538) indigenous chicken. Potchefstroom Kooekok is observed to be a good egg producing breed with 15.11±0.25eggs per clutch. Venda breed possess good mothering ability (hatchability) and high survivability with 86.03±0.31days and 82.70±0.26 days respectively. Naked Neck is known to be more prone to diseases with least (survivability) 60.08±0.25days. Village was positively correlated with EGC and HATCH, EGY and SURV at p≤0.01 and p≤0.05 respectively. Rearing system was positively correlated with EGC. Rearing system was positively correlated at p≤0.05 on EGC than CPY, HATCH, EGY and SURV. Breed and village interactions were significant at p≤0.05 on RP, AA, DR, EGL, NBP and NIP. Therefore, productive and reproductive traits of indigenous chicken differ across different rearing systems, breeds and villages.

Subject Areas

productive, reproductive, breed, indigenous, traits, chicken

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