Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Immunosuppressant Cyclosporin A-Based Regulation of Lipopolysaccharide-Triggered Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Cytokines in the Genital Tract of Female Rabbits

Version 1 : Received: 7 November 2018 / Approved: 13 November 2018 / Online: 13 November 2018 (03:47:12 CET)

How to cite: Yang, L..; Wu, Q.; Chen, X.; Wang, C.; Yan, Z.; Zeng, Y..; Ling, X.; Zeng, C.; Zhou, G.; Qazi , I.H.; Angel, C..; Zhang, M. Immunosuppressant Cyclosporin A-Based Regulation of Lipopolysaccharide-Triggered Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Cytokines in the Genital Tract of Female Rabbits. Preprints 2018, 2018110289 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0289.v1). Yang, L..; Wu, Q.; Chen, X.; Wang, C.; Yan, Z.; Zeng, Y..; Ling, X.; Zeng, C.; Zhou, G.; Qazi , I.H.; Angel, C..; Zhang, M. Immunosuppressant Cyclosporin A-Based Regulation of Lipopolysaccharide-Triggered Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Cytokines in the Genital Tract of Female Rabbits. Preprints 2018, 2018110289 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0289.v1).

Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the effects of Cyclosporine A (CsA) on Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cytokine production in the genital tract of female rabbits. Twelve sexually mature and healthy female rabbits were randomly divided into four groups (n = 3 each). The rabbits in the LPS group were given an intrauterine infusion of Escherichia coli LPS (4 mg/kg body weight (BW)). Rabbits in the CsA group were given CsA (20 mg/kg BW). Rabbits in the LPS + CsA group were given LPS (4 mg/kg BW) and CsA (20 mg/kg BW). The control group received only LPS and CsA carrier. The gene expression and protein levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines were observed using qRT-PCR and immuno-histochemical (IHC) assay, respectively. Our study showed that IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, and TGF-β were expressed in female genital organs. The LPS challenge increased the mRNA expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in the uterine body and IL-1β in the uterotubal junction compared to the control group. CsA increased the basal mRNA expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines (i.e., IL-4 in the uterine body, uterotubal junction, and oviductal ampulla; IL-10 in the cervix, oviductal isthmus, and ampulla; and TGF-β in the uterotubal junction and oviductal ampulla) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (i.e., IL-6 and IL-8 in the cervix; IL-1β in the oviductal isthmus; TNF-α in the oviductal ampulla; and IFN-γ in the uterine body compared to the control group). In addition, CsA inhibited the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6 in the uterine body, uterotubal junction, and oviductal isthmus; TNF-α in the uterine body; and IFN-γ in the uterotubal junction and oviductal isthmus induced by the LPS challenge. The IHC assay showed the LPS-induced increase in protein production of IL-6 in the uterine body and oviductal isthmus. CsA increased the protein production of IL-10 in the cervix, uterine body, oviductal ampulla, and isthmus. Moreover, CsA decreased the protein production of IL-6 in the uterine body and oviductal isthmus induced by LPS.

Subject Areas

lipopolysaccharide; Cyclosporin A; pro-inflammatory cytokines; anti-inflammatory cytokines; rabbit

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