Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

An Intelligent Monitoring and Controlling of Greenhouse: Deployment of Wireless Sensor Networks and Internet-of-Things

Version 1 : Received: 5 November 2018 / Approved: 8 November 2018 / Online: 8 November 2018 (13:45:51 UTC)

How to cite: Arshad, J.; Saleem, S.; Badar, M.S.U.; Khalid, S.; Mumtaz, Z.; Ullah, S.; Illyas2, Z.; Madni, H.A. An Intelligent Monitoring and Controlling of Greenhouse: Deployment of Wireless Sensor Networks and Internet-of-Things. Preprints 2018, 2018110215 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0215.v1). Arshad, J.; Saleem, S.; Badar, M.S.U.; Khalid, S.; Mumtaz, Z.; Ullah, S.; Illyas2, Z.; Madni, H.A. An Intelligent Monitoring and Controlling of Greenhouse: Deployment of Wireless Sensor Networks and Internet-of-Things. Preprints 2018, 2018110215 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0215.v1).

Abstract

Typically, the farmers are using the traditional ways of farming that cannot provide the proper amount of fertilizers and no specific criterion can be set the proper amount of climate parameters. Henceforth, the agricultural field demands up-to-date technology to enhance the desired outputs by deploying automated crop techniques for the better production of crops and plants. In the prescribed context, we have devised an architecture consisting of an embedded system and a wireless sensor network that could be employed to monitor the climatic parameters such as humidity, temperature, carbon dioxide, acidity, soil moisture, and light intensity etc. in a greenhouse. This work is accomplished by manually positioning the different sensor nodes in the greenhouse for collection of climate data which is subsequently forwarded to gateway nodes. Gateway nodes are responsible to send this information to the intended user or an agriculture professional via an internet web browser. The received data trigger the proposed embedded system to automatically proceed a decision by executing suitable actions to adjust an agriculture field with climate parameters. For instance, the climate of a greenhouse is controlled by turning on certain devices including fan, water sprinkler, lights etc. The proposed fruitful system is constructed at lab-scale prototype as a witness to proof the reliability, low-cost and efficiency of the proposed design. We consider that the proposed design can be easily implemented at large-scale in future, and will be beneficial for escalation of the profitability, sustainability, and productivity of the agricultural system.

Subject Areas

Automated crop; agricultural monitoring; arduino; climate parameters; embedded system; hardware and software co-design; low-cost; open source; remote sensing; wireless sensor networks

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