Nieto, C.; Tolentino-Mayo, L.; Medina, C.; Monterrubio-Flores, E.; Denova-Gutiérrez, E.; Barquera, S. Sodium Content of Processed Foods Available in the Mexican Market. Nutrients2018, 10, 2008.
Nieto, C.; Tolentino-Mayo, L.; Medina, C.; Monterrubio-Flores, E.; Denova-Gutiérrez, E.; Barquera, S. Sodium Content of Processed Foods Available in the Mexican Market. Nutrients 2018, 10, 2008.
Background: Sodium intake has been related to several adverse health outcomes; such as, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases. Processed foods are major contributors to the population’s dietary sodium intake. The aim of the present study was to determine sodium levels in Mexican packaged foods; also to evaluate the proportion of foods that comply with sodium benchmark targets set by the UK Food Standards Agency (UK FSA) and those set by the Mexican Commission for the Protection of Health Risks (COFEPRIS). We also evaluated the proportion of foods that exceeded the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) targets. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that comprised data collected from the package of 2,248 processed foods from selected supermarkets of Mexico. Results: Many processed food categories contained excessive amount of sodium, being the processed meats (ham, bacon and sausages) those that have the highest concentrations. The proportion of foods classified as compliant in our sample was lower for international targets (FSA UK and PAHO) compared to the Mexican COFEPRIS criteria. Conclusions: These data provide a critical baseline assessment for monitoring sodium levels in Mexican processed foods.
sodium; sodium targets; food industry; diet
MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nutrition
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