Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Single Incident of Soil P Leaching in a Mature Forest Corresponds to 10 Years of Average Leaching

Version 1 : Received: 15 October 2018 / Approved: 18 October 2018 / Online: 18 October 2018 (10:10:20 CEST)

How to cite: Fransson, A. A Single Incident of Soil P Leaching in a Mature Forest Corresponds to 10 Years of Average Leaching. Preprints 2018, 2018100410 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0410.v1). Fransson, A. A Single Incident of Soil P Leaching in a Mature Forest Corresponds to 10 Years of Average Leaching. Preprints 2018, 2018100410 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0410.v1).

Abstract

Incidental P losses from non-point sources may contribute to eutrophication and to decreased soil fertility. These incidents have been related to heavy rainfall on freshly fertilized agricultural soils and little is known about such incidents on more natural soils or in forests. The aim of this work is to determine if incidents of high P leaching also occur in spruce forests, and if such incidents are of significance in P cycling. We found a peak in the mineral soil solution showing that single events of high P leaching occur. The orthophosphate concentration in the Bf-horizon of the 80-year old spruce forest peaked in the autumn of the second year of a continuous monitoring. The concentration increased by more than 85 times compared to the highest concentration obtained earlier during the sampling. The amount leached during this 6 months peak is 10 times higher than the average annual leaching. This P leaching might be due to a combination of high P deposition/through-fall and a high anion exchange with dissolved-organic-carbon and Cl-. We suggest that single events of high sub-surface P leaching may contribute to the overall P leaching, and might increase with the global warming as more DOC is expected to be released to the soil solution.

Subject Areas

Anion exchange, DOC, Dissolved phosphorus, Forest soil, Lysimeters, P transport

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