Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Diagnostic Performance of Initial Serum Albumin Level for Predicting in-Hospital Mortality Among Necrotizing Fasciitis Patients

Version 1 : Received: 16 October 2018 / Approved: 17 October 2018 / Online: 17 October 2018 (17:18:59 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Chang, C.-P.; Fann, W.-C.; Wu, S.-R.; Lin, C.-N.; Chen, I.-C.; Hsiao, A.-T. Diagnostic Performance of Initial Serum Albumin Level for Predicting In-Hospital Mortality among Necrotizing Fasciitis Patients. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 435. Chang, C.-P.; Fann, W.-C.; Wu, S.-R.; Lin, C.-N.; Chen, I.-C.; Hsiao, A.-T. Diagnostic Performance of Initial Serum Albumin Level for Predicting In-Hospital Mortality among Necrotizing Fasciitis Patients. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 435.

Journal reference: J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 435
DOI: 10.3390/jcm7110435

Abstract

Background: Hypoalbuminemia is known to be associated with adverse outcome in critical illness. In this study, we attempted to identify if hypoalbuminemia on emergency department (ED) arrival a reliable predictor for in-hospital mortality in necrotizing fasciitis (NF). patients. Method: A retrospective cohort study of hospitalized patients with NF was conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital in Taiwan between March 2010 and March 2018. Blood samples were collected in the ED upon arrival, and serum albumin levels were determined. we evaluated the predictive value of serum albumin level at ED presentation for in-hospital mortality. All collected data were statistically analyzed. Result: Of the 707 NF patients, 40 (5.66%) died in the hospital. The mean serum albumin level was 3.1 ± 0.9 g/dL and serum albumin levels were significantly lower in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (2.8± 0.7 g/dL vs. 3.5 ± 0.8 g/dL). In the multivariable logistic regression model, albumin was associated with in-hospital mortality significantly (odds ratio[OR] 0.92, 95% confidential interval (CI) 0.88–0.96, P <0.001). The area under-the-receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AUC) for in-hospital survival was 0.77 (95% CI 0.72–0.82) and corresponding sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, positive and negative likelihood ratio were 66%, 74%, 33%, 88%, 2.25 and 0.48, respectively. High sensitivity (96%) was shown at albumin level of 4.0 g/dL and high specificity (91%) was shown at level of 2.5 g/dL. Conclusion: Initial serum albumin levels were independently associated with in-hospital mortality among adult patients with necrotizing fasciitis and demonstrated fair discriminative performance in the prediction of in-hospital mortality. NF patients with hypoalbuminemia on ED arrival should be closely monitored for signs of deterioration and consider early and aggressive intervention to prevent mortality.

Subject Areas

albumin; mortality; necrotizing fasciitis

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