Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Carbon Capture and Storage. A Case Study of Mineral Storage of CO2 in Greece

Version 1 : Received: 14 October 2018 / Approved: 15 October 2018 / Online: 15 October 2018 (12:21:12 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kelektsoglou, K. Carbon Capture and Storage: A Review of Mineral Storage of CO2 in Greece. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4400. Kelektsoglou, K. Carbon Capture and Storage: A Review of Mineral Storage of CO2 in Greece. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4400.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2018, 10, 4400
DOI: 10.3390/su10124400

Abstract

While the demand in reduction of CO2 increases, the need for CO2 sequestration processes is very high. One promising technology is the Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). In this paper we refer to several papers which study the three main steps in CCS chain. CO2 capture technologies, CO2 transportation to the storage sites and the very critical step the CO2 storage. Recently a novel method (mineral carbonation) for CO2 sequestration has been proposed which is based in the reaction of CO2 with calcium or magnesium oxides or hydroxides to form stable carbonate materials. Greece is a country that emits CO2 mainly from the lignite fired power plant in Western Greece. After the study of the bibliographic references about the use of mineral carbonation process while injecting CO2 in the appropriate geological forms we concluded that there are also these forms in our country and mainly in the area near to the power plant such as in sites Vourinos and Pindos. In these sites exist minerals rich in oxides and hydroxides of Ca, Mg and Fe representing the perfect materials for mineral carbonation.

Subject Areas

carbon capture and storage; mineral carbonation; CO2 sequestration; Greek power plants

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