Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Public-Private-Partnership and Rural Development in Taiwan

Version 1 : Received: 11 October 2018 / Approved: 15 October 2018 / Online: 15 October 2018 (10:22:16 CEST)

How to cite: Liao, K..; Lin, S. The Public-Private-Partnership and Rural Development in Taiwan. Preprints 2018, 2018100295 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0295.v1). Liao, K..; Lin, S. The Public-Private-Partnership and Rural Development in Taiwan. Preprints 2018, 2018100295 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0295.v1).

Abstract

This paper discusses a significant public-private partnership (PPP) formed by the government and Taiwanese Farmer Associations. Particularly, it will investigate a pattern of the PPP that has successfully promoted rural development and agricultural modernization in Taiwan since 1950s. Taiwanese Farmer Associations (hereafter TFAs), similar to agricultural cooperatives in South Korea and Japan, have played a policy agent in fostering rural development in this island state since 1950s. TFA’s performance inherently came from Japanese Cooperatives before World War II. The Performances of those farmer organizations are combinations of economic, social, and educational synergies.  The rural development experiences in Taiwan demonstrate that success of rural modernization is carried out by a special public-private partnership (PPP). First, this paper discusses formation and development of farmer cooperative organizations in East Asian societies and compare the similarities and differences of practice of those organizations and their relations to the governments among Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan.  Secondly, this paper examines collaborative mold and process in which both the government and Taiwan Farmer Associations have been extensively involved.  A specific cooperative apparatus between the government and TFA functioning and operating as a perfect PPP has been formed under administrative guidance of the state.  Thirdly, this paper looks at input and various supports in financial and policy perspective by the public sector.  Fourthly, the paper discusses legal framework, administrative apparatus, and governance pattern for TFA. Fifthly, the paper discuses that a specific PPP successfully involving in rural modernization in Taiwan is significantly derived from the state’ guidance that properly regulates a collaboration between the government and TFA.  So-call East Asian model of PPP in agricultural modernization and rural community development may become a valuable experience for most of developing countries.

Subject Areas

public-private partnership; rural community development; Taiwanese farmer associations; farmer cooperative organizations

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