Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Simulation of a Hydraulic Load Sensing Proportional Valve

Version 1 : Received: 9 October 2018 / Approved: 11 October 2018 / Online: 11 October 2018 (14:42:00 CEST)

How to cite: Mirzaliev, S.; Sharipov, K. Simulation of a Hydraulic Load Sensing Proportional Valve. Preprints 2018, 2018100242. Mirzaliev, S.; Sharipov, K. Simulation of a Hydraulic Load Sensing Proportional Valve. Preprints 2018, 2018100242.


Nowadays energy saving is a topical issue due to increasing fuel costs and this aspect is amplified by more stringent emissions regulations that impact on vehicle development. A recent study conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy shows that about five percent of the U.S. energy consumption is transmitted by fluid power equipment. Nevertheless, this study also shows that the efficiency of fluid power averages 21 percent. This offers a huge opportunity to improve the current state-of-the-art of fluid power machines, in particular to improve the energy consumption of current applications. These facts dictate a continuous strive toward improvements and more efficient solutions: to accomplish this objective a strong reduction of hydraulic losses and better control strategies of the hydraulic systems are needed. In fluid power, there exist many techniques to reduce/recover energy losses of the conventional layouts, e.g. load sensing, electrohydraulic flow matching, independent metering, etc. One of the most efficient ways to analyze these different layouts and identify the best hydraulic solution is done through virtual simulations instead of prototyping, since the latter involves higher investment costs to deliver the product into the market. However, to build a fluid power machine virtual model, some problems arise relative to different aspects, for instance: loads on actuators (both linear and rotational) are not constant and pumps are driven by a real engine whose speed depends on required torque. Furthermore, it is important to achieve higher level of detail to simulate each component in the circuit: the greater detail, the better the machine behavior is portrayed, but it obviously entails heavy impact on simulation time and computational resources. Therefore, there is a need to create mathematical model of components and systems with sufficient level of detail to easily acquire all those phenomena necessary to correctly evaluate machine performance and make modifications to the fluid power component design. In this context, a hydraulic proportional valve PVG 32 by Danfoss is taken as an object of study, its performance is analyzed with suitable mathematical model and simulation is done to observe closeness of a model to the laboratory experiment.


Amesim; proportional spool valve; PVG32; discharge coefficient


Engineering, Mechanical Engineering

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