Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Antimicrobial Efficiency of Essential Oils from Traditional Medicinal Plants of Asir Region, Saudi Arabia over Drug Resistant Isolates

Version 1 : Received: 11 October 2018 / Approved: 11 October 2018 / Online: 11 October 2018 (11:51:16 CEST)

How to cite: Helal, I.M.; El-Bessoumy, A.; Al-Bataineh, E.; Joseph, M.R.; Rajagopalan, P.; Chandramoorthy, H.C.; Ben Hadj Ahmed, S. Antimicrobial Efficiency of Essential Oils from Traditional Medicinal Plants of Asir Region, Saudi Arabia over Drug Resistant Isolates. Preprints 2018, 2018100236 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0236.v1). Helal, I.M.; El-Bessoumy, A.; Al-Bataineh, E.; Joseph, M.R.; Rajagopalan, P.; Chandramoorthy, H.C.; Ben Hadj Ahmed, S. Antimicrobial Efficiency of Essential Oils from Traditional Medicinal Plants of Asir Region, Saudi Arabia over Drug Resistant Isolates. Preprints 2018, 2018100236 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0236.v1).

Abstract

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recurring global problem, which constantly demands new antimicrobial compounds to challenge the resistance. It is well known that essential oils (EOs) have been known for biological activities including antimicrobial properties. In this study, EOs from seven aromatic plants of Asir region of southwestern Saudi Arabia were tested for their antimicrobial efficacy against four drug resistant pathogenic bacterial isolates (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli and Streptococcus typhimurium) and one fungal isolate (Candida albicans). Chemical compositions of EOs were determined by Gas chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The results revealed that EOs from Mentha cervina, Ocimum basilicum and Origanum vulgare proved most active against all isolates with inhibitory zone range between17 to 45 mm.  The lowest minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.025mg/ml was observed for Staph. aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes with EO of Origanum vulgare. All the three EOs showed significant anti candida activity. Together form the results the EOs from Mentha cervina, Ocimum basilicum and Origanum vulgare demonstrated a significant antimicrobial efficacy against drug resistant microorganisms.

Subject Areas

essential oils; drug resistant microorganisms; antimicrobial activity; antifungal activity; medicinal plants

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