Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Sensory Analysis Test of Pounded Yam Made from a Pounding Machine Designed and Fabricated in Nigeria

Version 1 : Received: 9 October 2018 / Approved: 10 October 2018 / Online: 10 October 2018 (03:38:37 CEST)

How to cite: Abulude, F.; Elemide, A.; Oladipupo, O.; Ale, T. Sensory Analysis Test of Pounded Yam Made from a Pounding Machine Designed and Fabricated in Nigeria. Preprints 2018, 2018100195 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0195.v1). Abulude, F.; Elemide, A.; Oladipupo, O.; Ale, T. Sensory Analysis Test of Pounded Yam Made from a Pounding Machine Designed and Fabricated in Nigeria. Preprints 2018, 2018100195 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0195.v1).

Abstract

Pounded yam eaten with any type of soup is a delicacy eaten by Nigerians.            It is manually prepared by pounding yam, cocoyam or combination with mortar and pestle. Preparation takes 30-45 mins. Researches on the improvements have taken place to reduce the heavy burden on the pounded yam preparation. One of the efforts made is the fabrication of pounding machine from the Department of Engineering, Federal College of Agriculture, Akure, Nigeria. The aim of this study is to carry out the organoleptic analysis of pounded yam produced from the fabricated machine. A ten-man panelist was used to determine the organoleptic analysis of the pounded yam in terms of the appearance, taste, colour, odour and texture. The panelists were scored with a class of quality grading: 22.6-25.0 (excellent), 20.2-22.5 (good), 18.2-20.1 (satisfactory), 16.2-18.1 (less satisfactory), and <15.2 (unsatisfactory). Also, sensory attributes were scored as 1= unsatisfactory, 2= less satisfactory, 3= satisfactory, 4=good, and 5= excellent. The results were statistically analysed. From the results it was found that the mean results of appearance, colour, odour, taste, and texture were 4.55, 4.43, 4.15, 4.32, and 4.08 respectively. Coefficients of variation (%) were 16.89, 17.80, 21.65, 15.67, and 24.40. The Skewness of the parameters was in negative, while only odour has its Kurtosis in negative form (-0.37). All the panelists rated the appearance (19-24%) of all the samples high above all other parameters. The Pearson Coefficient of Correlation and Principal Component Analysis showed elements of relationships between the parameters. In conclusion, the machine pounded yam was scored above satisfactory, which means the fabricated machine was efficient.

Subject Areas

pounded yam; cocoyam; machine; panelist; texture; Yorubas; Nigeria

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