Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

An Experimental Investigation of the Impact of Electromagnetic Radiations Emitted from Mobile Phone on General Health, pH, Flow Rate and Electrolytes Concentrations of Saliva in Female Adults

Version 1 : Received: 29 September 2018 / Approved: 30 September 2018 / Online: 30 September 2018 (05:58:54 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 13 December 2018 / Approved: 14 December 2018 / Online: 14 December 2018 (06:51:57 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Alattar, E., Elwasife, K., Radwan, E., Abu, H. W., & Abujami, M. (2018). An Experimental Investigation of the Impact of Electromagnetic Radiations Emitted from Mobile Phone on General Health, pH, Flow Rate and Electrolytes Concentrations of Saliva in Female Adults.‏ International Journal of Biology, 11(1): 10-21, URL : https://doi.org/10.5539/ijb.v11n1p10 Alattar, E., Elwasife, K., Radwan, E., Abu, H. W., & Abujami, M. (2018). An Experimental Investigation of the Impact of Electromagnetic Radiations Emitted from Mobile Phone on General Health, pH, Flow Rate and Electrolytes Concentrations of Saliva in Female Adults.‏ International Journal of Biology, 11(1): 10-21, URL : https://doi.org/10.5539/ijb.v11n1p10

Journal reference: International Journal of Biology 2018, 11, ISSN 1916-9671
DOI: 10.5539/ijb.v11n1p10

Abstract

The main objective was to determine the effect of mobile phone radiation on general health and electrolytes among students who use mobile phones. A questionnaire was designed and applied to 103 healthy and 36 deaf female students to select cases that meeting the inclusion criteria. For assessment of salivary parameters, the participants were classified into three groups. Group I was the control group, which included 17 deaf students. Group II was healthy students who have mobile phone for less than 5 years. Group III was healthy students who have mobile phone for 5 years or more. The results showed that the participants who use mobile phone had several problems in their health including dry mouth, bad odor from mouth, drooling of saliva, as well as ear and eye pain. The participants who use mobile phone complained of headache, anxiety and forgetfulness as compared to deaf participants. The study showed that there was no significant difference between pH and flow rate of saliva in all tested groups. This study has also shown that salivary level of Na+ and K+ were significantly lower in mobile phone users when compared to non users of mobile phone.

Supplementary and Associated Material

https://doi.org/10.5539/ijb.v11n1p10: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ijb

Subject Areas

electromagnetic radiations; mobile phone; electrolytes; flow rate; stimulated saliva

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