Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Hydrodynamic Study and Influence of Physicochemical Parameters on Gas Retention in a Submerged Membrane Bioreactor

Version 1 : Received: 28 September 2018 / Approved: 29 September 2018 / Online: 29 September 2018 (03:53:05 CEST)

How to cite: Jean Jacques Nestor, N.M.; Guillaume, K.; Heran, M.; Joseph, K.; Sylvere, N.K. Hydrodynamic Study and Influence of Physicochemical Parameters on Gas Retention in a Submerged Membrane Bioreactor. Preprints 2018, 2018090574 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0574.v1). Jean Jacques Nestor, N.M.; Guillaume, K.; Heran, M.; Joseph, K.; Sylvere, N.K. Hydrodynamic Study and Influence of Physicochemical Parameters on Gas Retention in a Submerged Membrane Bioreactor. Preprints 2018, 2018090574 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0574.v1).

Abstract

Gas-liquid reactors pose transfer difficulties due to diffusion effects. It is necessary to master the aeration and hydrodynamics of the medium to conduct the reaction well and get a good performance. For this purpose, a study in a submerged membrane bioreactor with a useful volume of 30L, consisting of a microfiltration membrane with an average pore size of 0.14 mm having an effective surface area of 0.2 m2 and a PVC cylindrical air diffuser of radius 4 cm has been studied. The saline tracing method associated with a conductimetric follow-up made it possible to determine the residence times and the mixing time in the reactor at 4 different points both in recirculation and in the absence of recirculation. Gas retention was measured by the manometric method. The experiments were carried out at different temperatures of 25 ° C, at 45 ° C, with a variable air flow rate of 0.5 to 16 mL / s and different solutions (osmosis water, ammonium formate solution, solution ammonium formate + salt, synthetic rubber effluent). The results show that the mixing time varies from one point to another and the recirculation of the mixture reduces the mixing time. One of the positions is limiting, the transfer is done most by diffusion with a mixing time of 115 min without circulation and 65 min with circulation. Gas retention increases with aeration rate and temperature. On the other hand, the more the medium becomes rich in organic substances, the more the gaseous retention decreases. The homogeneous fine-bubble regime is obtained for an air flow rate of between 3 and 10 mL / s of aeration. Beyond this flow rate, the regime becomes heterogeneous without a transition phase for ammonium formate and formate ammonium + salt solutions.

Subject Areas

hydrodynamic; gas retention; submerged membrane bioreactor; influence of temperature; oxygen mass transfer coefficient

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