Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Development of the New Method for Assessing Condition of Forest Road Surface

Version 1 : Received: 19 September 2018 / Approved: 19 September 2018 / Online: 19 September 2018 (10:43:25 CEST)

How to cite: Šušnjar, M.; Pandur, Z.; Nevečerel, H.; Lepoglavec, K.; Bačić, M. Development of the New Method for Assessing Condition of Forest Road Surface. Preprints 2018, 2018090382 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0382.v1). Šušnjar, M.; Pandur, Z.; Nevečerel, H.; Lepoglavec, K.; Bačić, M. Development of the New Method for Assessing Condition of Forest Road Surface. Preprints 2018, 2018090382 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0382.v1).

Abstract

Regarding number of vehicles, forest roads are characterized by low traffic intensity, but on the other hand great values of ground pressure between wheels of timber truck units and forest road surface occur, often with pressures values above 80 kN which additionally causes damage of the upper and lower forest road layer. There are currently several methods for assessing condition of a forest road surface which are mainly used for assessing state of public roads, but can be used in forestry as well. Assessing condition of forest road surface was done by measuring vibrations with a specially developed software for Android OS installed on a Huawei MediaPad 7 Lite. Software measured vibrations in all three axes, coordinates of device, speed of the vehicle and time. Aim of this research was to determine accuracy of collected data so that this method can be used for scientific and practical purposes. Research was carried out on the segment of a forest road during driving a vehicle equipped with a measuring device. Tests were performed in both driving direction of the forest road segment with different measuring frequencies, tyre inflation pressures and driving speeds. Values of vibrations were classified and translated on a map of forest road together with devices’ measured coordinates. Vibration values were compared with places of recorded forest road surface damages. Research results show no significant difference in vibration values between 1 Hz and 10 Hz of measurement frequencies. Based on the analysis of collected data and obtained results, it is clear that it is possible to assess the condition of a forest road surface by measuring vibrations. The greatest values of vibrations were recorded on the most damaged parts of the forest road. Vibrations do not depend on tyre inflation pressure, but ranges of vibrations are decreasing with decreasing driving speed. Accuracy of collected data depends on GPS signal quality, so it is recommended that each segment of forest road is recorded twice so that location of damages on forest road can be confirmed with certainty.

Subject Areas

forest road surface; forest road damage; vibration measurements; vibration software

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