Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Evaluation of the Effects of Biodiesel on Emission and Performance by Comparing the Results of the NEDC and WLTC

Version 1 : Received: 18 September 2018 / Approved: 18 September 2018 / Online: 18 September 2018 (14:36:56 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kaya, T.; Kutlar, O.A.; Taskiran, O.O. Evaluation of the Effects of Biodiesel on Emissions and Performance by Comparing the Results of the New European Drive Cycle and Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Cycle. Energies 2018, 11, 2814. Kaya, T.; Kutlar, O.A.; Taskiran, O.O. Evaluation of the Effects of Biodiesel on Emissions and Performance by Comparing the Results of the New European Drive Cycle and Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Cycle. Energies 2018, 11, 2814.

Journal reference: Energies 2018, 11, 2814
DOI: 10.3390/en11102814

Abstract

In this paper, the effects of biodiesel on performance and emission of the current and new-coming regulation cycles, namely the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) and the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Cycle (WLTC), were investigated by conducting tests on a passenger car, Euro-5 Ford Fiesta, equipped with a 1.5-liter diesel engine. In a two-axle chassis dynamometer test bed, NEDC and WLTC were performed with pure diesel and biodiesel-to-diesel blend (30% biodiesel, 70% diesel in volume). A substantial reduction in CO, HC, and PN emissions was observed for both the NEDC and WLTC when biodiesel was used. Besides, it was found that the WLTC has higher load and velocity profile compared to the NEDC. Moreover, lower CO, HC, and PN emissions were observed with B30 fuel under WLTC compared to the NEDC. Nevertheless, slightly higher CO2 and substantially higher NOx emissions were observed for the WLTC compared to the NEDC.

Subject Areas

NEDC; WLTC; Biodiesel; Exhaust emissions

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