Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Exploring the Cornerstone Factors that Cause Water Scarcity in Some Parts of Africa, Possible Adaptation Strategies and a Quest in Food Security

Version 1 : Received: 11 September 2018 / Approved: 16 September 2018 / Online: 16 September 2018 (07:38:53 CEST)

How to cite: Musse, S.A. Exploring the Cornerstone Factors that Cause Water Scarcity in Some Parts of Africa, Possible Adaptation Strategies and a Quest in Food Security. Preprints 2018, 2018090275 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0275.v1). Musse, S.A. Exploring the Cornerstone Factors that Cause Water Scarcity in Some Parts of Africa, Possible Adaptation Strategies and a Quest in Food Security. Preprints 2018, 2018090275 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0275.v1).

Abstract

Water scarcity is significantly increasing water stress in Africa and some parts of the world. This is due to human induced factors such as climate change, increase of human population that raises demand which outstrips food availability, and put great changes of land use which results in changes of hydrological mechanics and water availability as whole. The investigation was through literature review and it tries to examine the criticality of water scarcity in Africa regions, and the major factors that mastermind this menace. Also possible strategies that can be promptly used to manage water scarcity at domestic level and in agriculture are described in this paper, not with standing the fact that agriculture sectors in Africa and the rest of the world remain the utmost vulnerable enterprise to water scarcity and withdrawal on the planet earth.

Subject Areas

water scarcity; water withdrawal; food security; water management; climate change; adaptation

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