Preprint Hypothesis Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

From Fox’s Microspheres into Primitive Life: An Inferencing Hypothesis on the Origin of Life

Version 1 : Received: 30 August 2018 / Approved: 31 August 2018 / Online: 31 August 2018 (11:44:37 CEST)

How to cite: Hua, Z. From Fox’s Microspheres into Primitive Life: An Inferencing Hypothesis on the Origin of Life. Preprints 2018, 2018080547 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0547.v1). Hua, Z. From Fox’s Microspheres into Primitive Life: An Inferencing Hypothesis on the Origin of Life. Preprints 2018, 2018080547 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0547.v1).

Abstract

The microspheres constituted by proteinoids synthesized from Fox’s simulation experiments. They had peptide bond structure and weak catalysis, as well as proliferated themselves. Such microspheres were believed the models for primitive life. Due to lack of metabolism and self-reproduction, the microspheres could not meet requirements of life. Thus, how microspheres could evolved into primitive life remain unsolved mysteries. The microspheres were supposed a dissipative structure and the processes of absorption and hydrolysis could be balanced to maintain their stability by consuming proteinoid. Proteinoid molecules differed in their life spans, which were mainly determined by their multi-space structures. Consequently, molecule selection and retention could occur spontaneously in microspheres and lead to a more organized and stabilized structure of the whole microsphere with time through dissipative process. More complex chain network of chemical reactions could happen in microspheres because the proteinoid with complex, ordered multi-space structure and relatively high catalytic activity would retain. In such microspheres, nucleotides could produce and further aggregate into RNA. The synthesis of real proteins could take place with RNA as the template catalyzed by proteinoids or RNA inside microspheres. When template-based protein molecules replaced the proteinoid inside the microspheres, a protein-based self-catalyzed network of chemical reactions could take place. It is plausible if Fox’s proteinoids microspheres is to dawn on a dissipative structure, then molecule selection could occur spontaneously by “dissipative” proteinoids, and the microspheres would acquire catalytic activity due to preserved the proteinoid with a large molecular weight and relatively complex and ordered multi-space structure, and relatively high catalytic activity. Thus the microspheres would spontaneously go to self-organizing, and evolve into primitive life.

Subject Areas

proteinoids; microspheres; dissipative structure; molecule selection; origin of life

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