Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Hiding Stealth Optical CDMA Signals in Public BPSK Channels for Optical Wireless Communication

Version 1 : Received: 20 August 2018 / Approved: 21 August 2018 / Online: 21 August 2018 (05:21:33 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Yen, C.-T.; Huang, J.-F.; Zhang, W.-Z. Hiding Stealth Optical CDMA Signals in Public BPSK Channels for Optical Wireless Communication. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1731. Yen, C.-T.; Huang, J.-F.; Zhang, W.-Z. Hiding Stealth Optical CDMA Signals in Public BPSK Channels for Optical Wireless Communication. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1731.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1731
DOI: 10.3390/app8101731

Abstract

A new optical steganography scheme is proposed that transmits a stealth optical code-division multiple-access (OCDMA) signal through a public binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) channel. Polarization beam splitters and arrayed waveguide gratings are used to implement a spectral-polarization coding (SPC) system with an incoherent optical source. We employ a Walsh–Hadamard code as the signature code of the user who wants to transmit stealth information using the system. A free space optical link applied to this system maintains the polarization states of light during propagation. The secret data is extracted using correlation detection and balanced subtraction in the OCDMA decoder of the intended receiver, and the other signal from the public channel is reduced by the OCDMA decoder. At the demodulator of the public channel, BPSK demodulation eliminates the stealth signal so that the public channel is not affected by the stealth signal. The two signals cannot interfere with each other. The results of this study show that our proposed optical steganography system is highly secure. The stealth signal can be favorably hidden in the public channel when the average source power of the stealth signal, public noise, and public signal are −5, −3, and 0 dBm, respectively.

Subject Areas

optical steganography; optical code-division multiple-access (OCDMA); free space optics (FSO); chirped fiber Bragg grating (CFBG)

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