Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Hybrid Lagrangian-Eulerian Particle Model for Ecosystem Simulation

Version 1 : Received: 13 August 2018 / Approved: 14 August 2018 / Online: 14 August 2018 (06:00:42 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 15 August 2018 / Approved: 17 August 2018 / Online: 17 August 2018 (03:37:02 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 16 September 2018 / Approved: 17 September 2018 / Online: 17 September 2018 (11:23:12 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Xue, P.; Schwab, D.J.; Zhou, X.; Huang, C.; Kibler, R.; Ye, X. A Hybrid Lagrangian–Eulerian Particle Model for Ecosystem Simulation. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 109. Xue, P.; Schwab, D.J.; Zhou, X.; Huang, C.; Kibler, R.; Ye, X. A Hybrid Lagrangian–Eulerian Particle Model for Ecosystem Simulation. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 109.

Journal reference: J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 109
DOI: 10.3390/jmse6040109

Abstract

Current numerical methods for simulating biophysical processes in aquatic environments are typically constructed in a grid-based Eulerian framework using the advection-diffusion equation for physical transport with source and sink terms describing biological processes. Often, the biogeochemical processes and physical (hydrodynamic) processes occur at different time and space scales, and changes in biological processes do not affect the hydrodynamic conditions. Therefore, it is possible to develop an alternative strategy to grid-based approaches for linking hydrodynamic and biogeochemical models that can significantly improve computational efficiency for this type of linked biophysical model. In this work, we utilize a new technique which links hydrodynamic effects and biological processes through a property-carrying particle model (PCPM) in a Lagrangian/Eulerian framework. The model is tested in idealized cases and its utility is demonstrated in a practical application to Sandusky Bay. Results show the integration of Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches allows for a natural coupling of mass transport (represented by particle movements and random walk) and biological processes in water columns which is described by a nutrient-phytoplankton-zooplankton-detritus (NPZD) biological model. This method is far more efficient than traditional tracer based Eulerian biophysical models for 3-D simulation, particularly for a large domain and/or ensemble simulations.

Subject Areas

property-carrying particle model; ecosystem simulation; biophysical modeling; sandusky bay; great lakes

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