Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Some Riddles in Clothing Thermal Behaviors

Version 1 : Received: 13 August 2018 / Approved: 13 August 2018 / Online: 13 August 2018 (11:44:47 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Pan, N. Unique Thermal Properties of Clothing Materials. Global Challenges 2019 Pan, N. Unique Thermal Properties of Clothing Materials. Global Challenges 2019

Journal reference: Global Challenges 2019
DOI: 10.1002/gch2.201800082

Abstract

Cloth wearing seems so natural that everyone is self-deemed knowledgeable and has some expert opinions about it. However to clearly explain the physics involved, and hence to make predictions for clothing design or selection, turns out as demonstrated below to be quite challenging even for experts. Cloth is a multiphased, porous and anisotropic material system and usually in multilayers. Unlike ordinary engineering heat transfer problems, the human body acts as an internal heat source in a clothing situation, thus forming a temperature gradient between body and ambient, and the sign of this gradient often changes as the ambient temperature varies.  Our body also perspires and the sweat evaporates, an effective body cooling process via phase change. To bring all the variables into analysis quickly escalates into a formidable task. This work attempts to unravel the problem from a physics perspective, focusing on several rarely noticed yet critically important mechanisms involved so as to offer a clear and accurate depiction of the principles in clothing thermal comfort.

Subject Areas

Cloth thermal comfort; Heat transfer between body, cloth and ambience; Changing sign of temperature gradient; Body sweating and phase change; Non-affinity between the behaviors of cloth and fibers

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