Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Optimization of Population Distribution Pattern in China Based on Land Use Efficiency

Version 1 : Received: 2 August 2018 / Approved: 8 August 2018 / Online: 8 August 2018 (08:46:57 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Li, M.; He, B.; Guo, R.; Li, Y.; Chen, Y.; Fan, Y. Study on Population Distribution Pattern at the County Level of China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3598. Li, M.; He, B.; Guo, R.; Li, Y.; Chen, Y.; Fan, Y. Study on Population Distribution Pattern at the County Level of China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3598.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2018, 10, 3598
DOI: 10.3390/su10103598

Abstract

With the accelerating urbanization process, the population increasingly concentrates in urban areas. In view of the special situation in China and a series of problems in the process of rapid urbanization, there were no reasonable measures for optimizing the population pattern. This study explored the distribution pattern of the Chinese population and proposed an optimization plan for the population distribution using GIS analysis. The main findings were as follows. (1) From 2010 to 2015, the distribution of population density in China presented a pattern of high in the southeast and low in the northwest based on the county-level administrative regions. The population still showed a tendency to migrate to the southeast of the country based on the “Hu Huanyong Line”. (2) There was a great difference in the land use efficiency in terms of population and economic production in China. The economic concentration in China was higher than the population concentration. In the areas where population and economic production were aggregated, GDP per capita and land use efficiency were higher. (3) Based on the land use efficiency in terms of population and economic production, the optimized urbanization plan of “1+4+11” for China’s urbanization was put forward, namely, one national-level aggregated area of population and economic production, 4 regional-level aggregated areas of population and economic production, and 11 local regionally aggregated areas of population and economic production. This optimization plan for urbanization represents an attempt to explore the direction of China’s urbanization, and it can be used to optimize the spatial development pattern and provide scientific guidance for the new urbanization plan.

Subject Areas

Population Distribution; Optimization; Hu Huanyong Line; Land Use Efficiency; China

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