Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Evaluation of Novel Classification of Heat-Related Illnesses: A Multicentre Observational Study (Heat Stroke Study 2012)

Version 1 : Received: 2 August 2018 / Approved: 3 August 2018 / Online: 3 August 2018 (03:51:27 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Yamamoto, T.; Fujita, M.; Oda, Y.; Todani, M.; Hifumi, T.; Kondo, Y.; Shimazaki, J.; Shiraishi, S.; Hayashida, K.; Yokobori, S.; Takauji, S.; Wakasugi, M.; Nakamura, S.; Kanda, J.; Yagi, M.; Moriya, T.; Kawahara, T.; Tonouchi, M.; Yokota, H.; Miyake, Y.; Shimizu, K.; Tsuruta, R. Evaluation of a Novel Classification of Heat-Related Illnesses: A Multicentre Observational Study (Heat Stroke STUDY 2012). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1962. Yamamoto, T.; Fujita, M.; Oda, Y.; Todani, M.; Hifumi, T.; Kondo, Y.; Shimazaki, J.; Shiraishi, S.; Hayashida, K.; Yokobori, S.; Takauji, S.; Wakasugi, M.; Nakamura, S.; Kanda, J.; Yagi, M.; Moriya, T.; Kawahara, T.; Tonouchi, M.; Yokota, H.; Miyake, Y.; Shimizu, K.; Tsuruta, R. Evaluation of a Novel Classification of Heat-Related Illnesses: A Multicentre Observational Study (Heat Stroke STUDY 2012). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1962.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1962
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15091962

Abstract

The Japanese Association for Acute Medicine Committee recently proposed a novel classification system for the severity of heat-related illnesses. The illnesses are simply classified into three stages based on symptoms and management or treatment. Stages I, II, and III broadly correspond to heat cramp and syncope, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke, respectively. Our objective was to examine whether this novel severity classification is useful in the diagnosis by healthcare professionals of patients with severe heat-related illness and organ failure. A nationwide surveillance study of heat-related illnesses was conducted between June 1 and September 30, 2012, at emergency departments in Japan. Among the 2130 patients who attended 102 emergency departments, the severity of their heat-related illness was recorded for 1799 patients, who were included in this study. In the patients with heat cramp and syncope or heat exhaustion (but not heat stroke), the blood test data (alanine aminotransferase, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and platelet counts) for those classified as stage III were significantly higher than those of patients classified as stage I or II. There were no deaths among the patients classified as stage I. This novel classification may avoid underestimating the severity of heat-related illness.

Subject Areas

heat-related illness; international classification; heat cramp; syncope; heat exhaustion; heat stroke; novel classification

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