Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Improved Immune Responses against Zika Virus after Sequential Dengue and Zika Virus Infection in Human

Version 1 : Received: 1 August 2018 / Approved: 2 August 2018 / Online: 2 August 2018 (05:04:43 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Delgado, F.G.; Torres, K.I.; Castellanos, J.E.; Romero-Sánchez, C.; Simon-Lorière, E.; Sakuntabhai, A.; Roth, C. Improved Immune Responses Against Zika Virus After Sequential Dengue and Zika Virus Infection in Humans. Viruses 2018, 10, 480. Delgado, F.G.; Torres, K.I.; Castellanos, J.E.; Romero-Sánchez, C.; Simon-Lorière, E.; Sakuntabhai, A.; Roth, C. Improved Immune Responses Against Zika Virus After Sequential Dengue and Zika Virus Infection in Humans. Viruses 2018, 10, 480.

Journal reference: Viruses 2018, 10, 480
DOI: 10.3390/v10090480

Abstract

The high level of dengue virus (DENV) seroprevalence in areas where Zika virus (ZIKV) is circulating and the cross-reactivity between these two viruses have raised concerns on the risk of increased ZIKV disease severity for patients with a history of previous DENV infection. To determine the role of DENV pre-immunity in ZIKV infection, we analysed the T and B cell responses against ZIKV in donors with or without previous DENV infection. Using PBMCs from donors living in an endemic area in Colombia, we have identified, by interferon (IFN)-γ enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay, most of the immunodominant ZIKV T-cell epitopes in the non-structural proteins NS1, NS3 and NS5. Analyses of the T and B-cell responses in the same donors revealed a stronger T-cell response against peptides conserved between DENV and ZIKV, with a higher level of ZIKV-neutralizing antibodies in DENV-immune donors, in comparison with DENV-naïve donors. Strikingly, the potential for antibody mediated enhancement of ZIKV infection was reduced in donors with sequential DENV and ZIKV infection in comparison with donors with DENV infection only. Altogether, these data suggest that individuals with DENV immunity present improved immune responses against ZIKV.

Subject Areas

Dengue virus; Zika virus; T-cell epitopes; cross-reactive T cells; immunodominance; neutralizing antibodies; antibody-dependent-enhancement (ADE)

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