Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

N6-Methyladenosine Role in Cancer: Learning from AML

Version 1 : Received: 30 July 2018 / Approved: 30 July 2018 / Online: 30 July 2018 (15:36:54 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ianniello, Z.; Fatica, A. N6-Methyladenosine Role in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2345. Ianniello, Z.; Fatica, A. N6-Methyladenosine Role in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2345.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2345
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19082345

Abstract

We are currently assisting at the explosion of the epitranscriptomics, which studies the functional role of chemical modifications into RNA molecules. Among more than 100 RNA modifications, the N6-methyladenosine (m6A), in particular, has attracted the interest of researchers all around the world. m6A is the most abundant internal chemical modification in mRNA and it can control any aspect of mRNA post-transcriptional regulation. m6A is installed by “writers”, removed by “erasers”, and recognized by “readers”, thus, it can be compared to the reversible and dynamic epigenetic modifications in histones and DNA. Given its fundamental role in determining the way mRNAs are expressed, it comes as no surprise that alterations to m6A modifications have a deep impact in cell differentiation, normal development and human diseases. Here, we review the proteins involved in m6A modification in mammals, m6A role in gene expression and its contribution to cancer development. In particular, we will focus on AML that, among first, has indicated how alteration in m6A modification can disrupt normal cellular differentiation and lead to cancer.

Subject Areas

m6A, RNA, AML, leukaemia, epitranscriptomics

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